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Laptop & Computer Terms For Kids

Computers are extremely important nowadays. They are used all over the world and they help us in various ways. They are useful tools for computing, designing and sharing all sorts of data from many parts of the world. Although they are everywhere, computers are sometimes difficult to understand. Many people use computers but a lot of them do not know much about the computers. This glossary will be extremely helpful to those who would like to learn about computers and what keeps them running. 

–Binary - pertains to a “base-two” number system, wherein two numbers, 1 and 0, are used to represent the data and information stored in a computer. For example, the letter “L” would be represented as 10111010 in the computer’s machine language. 


-Bit or Binary Digit –
The 0s and 1s in the computer system correspond to a specific computer electronic signal, which indicates that 0s correspond to “off”, while 1s to “on”.


-Browser –
basic software installed in the computer to enable the user or group of users to browse the Internet for various websites. Examples of browsers are: Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, and Opera, just to name a few.


-Byte –
refers to a group of ‘bits’ that are strung together. There are 8 bits in a byte, to be exact. The letter L, for instance, is a byte because its machine code, 01001100, is composed of 8 bits.


-Command
– a specific set of instructions that is supposed to be executed by the computer. “Exit” is an example of a computer command.


-Computer
– a machine that is capable of performing 3 types of tasks: input, processing, and output. Input corresponds to the process by which the information is being taken by the computer, while processing refers to ‘data processing’. On the other hand, output is the process by which the data is being put out by the computer. 


-Cursor
– can be seen on the computer screen and oftentimes in the form of a blinking line or an I-shaped object. It is supposed to indicate the location of the next character especially in software like word processors and browsers.


-Data
– technical term for computer information and it can be used to refer to other types of information as well.

-Database –
collects and records information in a very organized manner. A database program makes data input and electronic searching easier for a computer user. Data in the database could be anything. Some people have been using databases to store cooking recipes, book records, grade records, etc. 

-Desktop – the first thing a user would see when the computer completes loading after turning it on. The desktop would display the computer’s background and most of the time, its programs’ icons as well.


-DOS or Disk Operating System –
an operating system that operates to a disk directly and it is one of the most basic forms of operating systems. 


-Download –
the process by which data is being acquired from another computer through a network and sometimes through storage devices such as disks and electronic devices.


-Email or Electronic Mail –
an electronic method of sending mail and other forms of data through the computer and the Internet.


-File –
just like a ‘real’ file, a computer file is a collection of data that is stored in the computer for future use.


-Folder –
just like a ‘real’ folder, the computer folder also stores files. The only difference is that the latter is in its electronic form. In addition, folders form the ‘structure’ or the ‘directory’ of the computer.


-Gigabyte –
means ‘a billion bytes’


-Gigahertz or GHz –
a unit of measurement that could determine the computer’s clock speed or the speed of microprocessors. A gigahertz corresponds to a billion cycles per second.


-Graphic –
a visual representation of a computer’s data


- Hard Disk Drive – a computer hardware that is capable of storing large volumes of data. Data that is stored in the hard drive would be permanent unless if the user deletes them


-Hardware –
the components of the computer that are physical, which also means that the parts that you can touch


-HTML or Hyper Text Markup Language –
composes of various commands and instructions that a browser could perform and follow. For example, HTML is used to indicate which part of the web page an image should appear.


-Icon –
basically a representation of a program or file in a form of a very small image. Most of these icons can be seen on Windows’ or Mac’s desktops.  


-Internet –
a very large network wherein millions or even billions of computers from all over the world are connected through telephone wires and satellites.


-Javascript –
a type of programming language that is often used for a website’s video games and animations.


-Keyboard –
a device that is used to input text into the computer. This is what most people use to be able to type into computer word processors and other computer programs.


-LCD Screen or Liquid Crystal Display –
a screen or monitor is composed of a liquid crystal solution. Laptops and notebooks have LCD screens.


-Monitor –
another part of the computer that looks like TV. When a user plays computer games, he would have to look at the monitor to see what is happening to his game.


-Motherboard or Main Circuit Board –
this is where all of the computer’s components are connected. Some of the computer hardware devices operate indirectly to the motherboard, while others operate directly.


-Mouse –
a computer device that is very useful in controlling the cursor shown in the display. While most mice are attached with wires, some are wireless.


-Network –
a group of computers that can share information using a wired or wireless connection.

-Operating System – the most important computer software that is capable of managing programs and computer hardware by the time the computer is turned on. 


-PC or Personal Computer –
a computer that can be operated by any individual without the intervention of a computer operator. This is in contrast with the older versions of the computer.


-Pixel –
a single dot that can be seen in the computer display. When pixels are grouped together, they could form an image or text.


-Printer –
a computer hardware that is used for transferring data on to paper.


-Program or Software –
computer applications that can follow a specific set of instructions. Computer games, media players, word processors, browsers and etc. are all programs.


-RAM or Random Access Memory –
As opposed to the hard drive, the RAM could only store data in the computer temporarily. When a user opens a program, the RAM saves temporary files to make the user’s commands easier to follow. When a computer shuts down, the RAM automatically deletes its temporary data.


-ROM or Read Only Memory –
type of memory that can store data even when the computer is off. However, the data stored in the ROM can only be read and cannot be altered or deleted


-Scanner –
used in computers to transform photos and other documents into a digital object. Once an image is scanned, it will be then stored in the computer as a computerized image.


-Screen-saver –
a computer program that displays images or text on the monitor when the computer is in idle mode.


-Software –
all of the programs installed in a computer is collectively known as software.


-Spam –
massive scale distribution of data through emails. Spam mails are unwanted by many and they are distributed to various email addresses without permission from the email address owners.


-URL –
the address needed by browsers to be able to surf the internet. The URL for Yahoo!, for example, is http://www.yahoo.com.


-Virus –
a destructive computer program that is capable of deleting files. Computer viruses can be acquired through the internet or even through storage devices such as flash disks and cellular phones.


-Wallpaper –
the image that you would see on your desktop. It is also known as a background.


-Windows –
the operating system distributed by Microsoft


-World Wide Web or WWW –
a set of documents or pages linked through the Internet. These documents come from various parts of the world.

Learn more about computer through games and reading materials! Click on the links shown below to access them: